Tuomiokirkko in Senaatintori Square and statue of Alexander II
I think there are two types of buildings that define a society or culture very well at a given time: religious buildings and the centers of power. Depending on how they are built, we can get an idea of how the people who inhabit a country are and the relationship with their divine and earthly rulers.
In Finland, for the first case, we found a curious variety, as I told you when talking about the Chapel of Silence and the church inside a mountain. But those were modern constructions, so you have to take a look at older buildings, such as cathedrals, so, in the plural, of Helsinki.
They do not resemble those of Bordeaux or Trieste, but in Helsinki we find not one but two cathedrals. With a history of belonging to different powers to achieve their independence, it is not surprising that both are also of different religions.
Tuomiokirkko: the white cathedral of Helsinki
Presiding over the Senaatintori (Senate Square) from a privileged elevated position, Helsinki Cathedral It is a white giant whose crosses contemplate the city, the port and the sea from its green domes.
From the Plaza (inspired by the imperial style of St. Petersburg), forty-seven are the steps that we must save to access the building of the mid-nineteenth century. Built in a Greek cruciform shape, it has four zinc sculptures of the Apostles on its roof.
Being Evangelical Lutheran, its interior, for someone accustomed to Catholic churches, is of striking simplicity. The only human representations are statues of Martin Luther and Mikael Agrícola (the "father" of the written Finnish language, and reformer of the Church of Finland according to Lutheranism). To the right of the pulpit and behind the altar, (with an angel on each side), a large picture of Jesus after being taken down from the Cross, is the only concession in matters of religious images.
Interior Tuomiokirkko Cathedral in Helsinki
Statues of Alexander II and Tuomiokirkko in Helsinki, Finland